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Modeling Objects with Identical Dynamics using For Each Subsystem

This example shows how to model multiple objects with identical dynamics using the For Each Subsystem. The number of objects is parameterized by the length of the input signal.

The example demonstrates how you can implement the model sldemo_metrosldemo_metro, using one For Each Subsystem to model three identical metronomes and another to model the identical effect that the motion of each metronome has on the moving base.

The continuous dynamics of the three identical metronomes in sldemo_metro are modeled in identical subsystems: sldemo_metro/Metronome1, sldemo_metro/Metronome2, and sldemo_metro/Metronome3. You can represent these three subsystems as one For Each subsystem. The initial position of the metronomes is passed in as an external input to the For Each subsystem, which is used as an initial condition for one of the integrators. The For Each subsystem is configured to partition this input signal along the first dimension. As a result, an input vector with three elements defines initial positions for three metronomes.

Figure 1: Metronomes modeled using three subsystems with identical dynamics

Figure 2: Metronomes modeled using one For Each subsystem

On examining the dynamics of the Moving base, note that it involves three identical second-order differential terms corresponding to each metronome. You can replace the three copies with one For Each Subsystem. Instead of nine input signals, the For Each subsystem requires only three input signals: the angular displacements, the angular velocities, and the angular accelerations for all metronomes. The For Each subsystem operates on one element from each signal for one iteration (i.e. one metronome).

Figure 3: Second-order differential terms modeled using copies of the same subsystem

Figure 4: Second-order differential terms modeled using one For Each subsystem

After implementing the original model with two For Each subsystems, the model is now parameterized for the number of metronomes. To increase the number of metronomes, simply introduce a new value to the Initial Position vector.

For example:

Theta4 = 0.7568;
set_param('sldemo_metro_foreach/Initial Position', 'Value', '[Theta1 Theta2 Theta3 Theta4]';

Execute the model to see the displacement angles of the four metronomes and the position of the moving base.

sim('sldemo_metro_foreach');

Figure 5: Simulation result with For Each subsystem parameterized for four metronomes

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