Hydraulic poppet valve
The Poppet Valve block models a variable orifice created by a cylindrical sharp-edged stem and a conical seat.
The flow rate through the valve is proportional to the valve opening and to the pressure differential across the valve. The model accounts for the laminar and turbulent flow regimes by monitoring the Reynolds number (Re) and comparing its value with the critical Reynolds number (Recr). The flow rate is determined according to the following equations:
|pA,pB||Gauge pressures at the block terminals|
|CD||Flow discharge coefficient|
|A(h)||Instantaneous orifice passage area|
|x||Stem displacement from initial position|
|hmax||Maximum valve opening. The passage area remains constant and equal to Amax after this.|
|DH||Valve instantaneous hydraulic diameter|
|ν||Fluid kinematic viscosity|
|Aleak||Closed valve leakage area|
|Amax||Maximum valve open area|
The block positive direction is from port A to port B. This means that the flow rate is positive if it flows from A to B and the pressure differential is determined as . Positive signal at the physical signal port S opens the valve.
Fluid inertia is not taken into account.
The transition between laminar and turbulent regimes is assumed to be sharp and taking place exactly at Re=Recr.
The flow passage area is assumed to be equal to the frustum side surface area.
The diameter of the valve stem. The default value is 0.01 m.
The angle of the valve conical seat. The parameter value must be in the range between 0 and 180 degrees. The default value is 120 degrees.
The initial opening of the valve. The parameter value must be nonnegative. The default value is 0.
Semi-empirical parameter for valve capacity characterization. Its value depends on the geometrical properties of the orifice, and usually is provided in textbooks or manufacturer data sheets. The default value is 0.65.
The maximum Reynolds number for laminar flow. The transition from laminar to turbulent regime is supposed to take place when the Reynolds number reaches this value. The value of the parameter depends on orifice geometrical profile, and the recommendations on the parameter value can be found in hydraulic textbooks. The default value is 10.
The total area of possible leaks in the completely closed valve. The main purpose of the parameter is to maintain numerical integrity of the circuit by preventing a portion of the system from getting isolated after the valve is completely closed. An isolated or "hanging" part of the system could affect computational efficiency and even cause simulation to fail. Therefore, MathWorks recommends that you do not set this parameter to 0. The default value is 1e-12 m^2.
Parameters determined by the type of working fluid:
Fluid kinematic viscosity
The block has the following ports: